On 30 March 2022, the Malaysian Parliament passed the Employment Bill 2021 introducing several amendments to the Employment Act of 1955, including the extension of the maternity leave from 60 days to 98 days and the introduction of a seven-day employer-paid paternity leave. The new Bill will enter into effect on 1 January 2023.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) government recently introduced new amendments intended to increase the number of UAE nationals who are working in the private sector by increasing quotas under its existing Emiratization framework. All private sector employers with at least 50 employees will be required to increase Emiratis’ proportion in the workforce to at least 10% of the workforce by 2026. The new Emiratization requirements are expected to enter into effect on 1 January 2023 meaning that obligated employers will need to increase from a 2% to a 4% Emiratization quota by that date or face fines and other punitive actions.
There are various complexities to global telecommuting arrangements. Employers should audit these arrangements to ensure compliance and duty of care issues are accounted for in their policies. This article focuses on the impact of cross-border remote working on employee benefits and additional issues that also require consideration such as host country legislation, payroll, social security, and employment protections.
The government of Malta recently passed new legislation transposing the European Union (EU) Directive 2019/1158 of 20 June 2019 (the “Directive”) on work-life balance for parents and carers. The new legislation amends parental leave requirements and introduces paid paternity leave, carer’s leave and flexible working arrangements.
The Irish government passed a law extending the government-paid parent’s leave from five weeks to seven weeks. The Parent’s Leave and Benefit Act 2019 (Extension of Periods of Leave) Order 2022 entered into force on 2 July 2022.
On 20 May 2022, the Nicaraguan government passed new legislation (Law No. 1118) making Mother’s Day a mandatory paid national public holiday. The new national public holiday will be celebrated on 30 May every year starting from 2022.
The Australian Fair Work Commission (FWC) has increased the national minimum wage by 5.2%, effective 1 July 2022. Modern Award minimum wages also increased by 4.6% per week, effective from the first full pay period starting on or after 1 July 2022, or 1 October 2022, based on industry.
The Japanese government passed legislation amending the Child and Family Care Act by introducing a four-week paternity leave and adding more flexibility to existing parental leave entitlements to ensure a better work-life balance for working parents. The new legislation entered into effect 1 April 2022, with many provisions entering into effect over the following months.
The Spanish government recently approved a new bill introducing multiple changes to menstrual and reproductive health legislation including a government-paid temporary sick leave for female employees who suffer severe menstrual pain. The new leave (also called “menstrual leave”) may be taken for as long as needed so long as the temporary medical incapacity is approved by a doctor.
The Bill will enter into effect once passed by the Spanish parliament. It is unlikely that the bill will be presented to the parliament before the end of 2022 (the exact date is still yet to be determined).
The Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica recently approved a reform to the labor code creating paid paternity leave for a total of eight days and special paid leaves including an adoption leave, a care leave and breastfeeding breaks.
The bill is expected to be enacted into law once signed by the Costa Rican president and published in the official gazette