Bill C-86 passed the Canadian Parliament on 3 December 2018, and is awaiting Royal Assent. The bill enacts the Pay Equity Act, which requires federal public and private sector employers that have 10 or more employees to establish and maintain a pay equity plan within set time frames to identify and correct differences in compensation between predominantly female and predominantly male job classes for which the work performed is of equal value. The new Act provides for the powers, duties and functions of a Pay Equity Commissioner, which include facilitating the resolution of disputes, conducting compliance audits and investigating disputes, objections and complaints, as well as making orders and imposing administrative monetary penalties for violations of that Act. Although the Act only applies to federally regulated employers, it will likely be a model for provincial legislation. Pay equity legislation is currently in force in Ontario and Quebec.